Parents’ Guide to Snapchat
If you spend time with teenagers, whether that be because you are a parent, carer, relative, or teacher, it is extremely likely that you have heard the term ‘Snapchat’. But what exactly is this phenomenon?
Snapchat is a mobile application that allows users to share pictures, chats, and videos with friends, watch live stories from all over the world, and explore news.
Snapchat has grown rapidly since its initial release in 2011. The app currently boasts an average of 173 million daily users, and a mean opening frequency of 18 times per day.
This article will act as a parents’ guide to Snapchat, outlining the uses and purposes of the app, how to use Snapchat safely, and answer the common question: ‘what are the dangers of Snapchat?’.
What is Snapchat and Why is it so Popular?
Snapchat’s primary purpose is to send pictures and videos, or ‘snaps’. Originally, snaps could only be sent for between one and ten seconds, however a recent update allows users to send their pictures for an ‘infinite’ number of seconds. Once you have clicked off the snap, you have an option to replay it once should you wish. If you close the app, however, you lose this opportunity. As well as sending pictures and videos, Snapchat can also be used to ‘chat’ to other users.
Snapchat also provides users with the opportunity to post ‘stories’. These are pictures or videos that are posted for 24 hours. Within this time frame, a user’s friends on the app will be able to view the story as many times as they’d like. There is also the opportunity to read news stories from all around the world.
The app allows you to track your activity, and that of your friends, through the use of ‘friend emojis’. For example, an emoji next to a friend’s name that looks like flame signifies a ‘snapstreak’. This is the number of consecutive days the two people have sent Snapchats to one another. Further emojis and explanations can be found in the ‘manage’ section of the app’s ‘settings’.
Snapchat has grown in popularity for a multitude of reasons, some of which are:
- It’s a free social media platform.
- It is less permanent than other networks. Things ‘disappear’ after a certain amount of time.
- It is more private than other social networking sites.
- It allows engagement with the world. As well as watching news stories, you can follow celebrities and watch their stories.
- It encourages creativity. You can draw on your snaps, write on them, and add stickers. You can also add filters to your snaps, such as animal and location filters.
- It is very social. You can Snapchat individual people or create Snapchat groups.
- It is a fun way to share a moment.
Does Snapchat Have a Minimum Age?
You must be thirteen years old to create a Snapchat account. If you enter your date of birth and you are under thirteen years of age, Snapchat will prevent you from making an account.
However, it is very easy to lie about your age by entering a date of birth that makes you seem much older.
What are the Dangers of Snapchat?
As with any social media platform, there are certain dangers that come with using Snapchat. Some of these are:
- Screenshotting – Users can be lulled into a false sense of security about the temporary nature of Snapchats. Although you can set how many seconds you want them to be seen for, snaps can be screenshotted. There have been cases where young people have taken to Snapchat for sexting purposes, and used the app to send private and sexually suggestive pictures of themselves. If these are screenshotted, it can lead to complications such as cyberbullying, distribution of images, child sexual exploitation, harassment, and a lot of upset for the sender.
- Cyberbullying – Any social media network provides a platform for cyberbullying to occur. Snapchats can be screenshotted and used for bullying purposes. They can easily be edited with embarrassing, or even graphic, pictures.
- Child Sexual Exploitation – Child sexual exploitation, or CSE, is not just something that involves physical contact; it can also happen online. When CSE happens online, young people may be forced to send sexually explicit images of themselves, and may receive threats that their images will be distributed if they do not send more.
- Harassment – Online harassment occurs when people use online revenues, such as social media apps, to cause emotional distress. On Snapchat, this could occur if someone posts embarrassing or personal content about another user.
In June 2017, Snapchat introduced the ‘Snap Map’. This allows users to see Snapchats submitted to ‘Our Story’ from all around the world, and the locations of other users. Sharing location can be dangerous, especially if they have ‘friends’ on the app that they may not know in person. If you are concerned about the Snap Map feature, encourage your child to turn on ‘Ghost Mode’, which will hide their location.
Snapchat is a popular and fun activity, which is enjoyed by millions of users safely. Providing that children are educated in, and aware of, the potential dangers and what to look out for, the above dangers can be prevented.
How to Use Snapchat Safely
Snapchat does not have to be dangerous. There are many ways to reduce the risks and enjoy the application safely. You should educate your child generally in safe ways to use the internet, and the potential dangers of being online. In terms of Snapchat specifically, some ways that you can reduce the risks are:
- Tell them to only message and send pictures to people that they know and trust.
- Inform them that if they are being bullied, harassed, or notice anything suspicious, they must always inform you.
- Show them how to block an account that they are friends with. To do this, they should: Go to their profile screen, go to “My Friends”, tap the name of the user they wish to block, tap the settings cog, and select “Block”.
- Show them how to block an account that has chatted with them, but is not a friend. To do this, they should: Go to the chat screen and swipe left on the name of the user who chatted to them, tap the three horizontal blue lines, and select “Block”.
- Show them how to block an account that tried to add them. To do this, they should: Tap “Added Me” on the profile screen, tap their name, tap the clog next to their name, and select “Block”.
- Show them how to report unsuitable content. To do this, go to the Snapchat Support page and report the content there.
This article should have provided you with a guide about the uses of Snapchat, and the potential dangers that can come from using it. Further resources for internet safety are listed below.