Prevent Training: What Do I Need to Know?
Who Needs Preventing Radicalisation Training?
Frontline staff are found in the health, education, childcare, prison and probation, police, and local authority sectors.
They need to demonstrate compliance and an awareness of radicalisation to show they have an awareness of prevention techniques, radicalisation, and extremism in the UK.
Prevent Training Required by Sector
Check your sector below to find out what you need to know.
Higher Education Institutions and Universities
If you work in an HE institution, you and your institution need to:
- Actively engage with police and local Prevent coordinators.
- Share information internally through a cross-departmental group. Members should be comprised from the relevant faculties.
- Have regular contact with regional HE Prevent coordinators.
- Undertake Prevent awareness training.
- Be aware of who could be vulnerable, what actions are appropriate to take, and when you should make a referral to Channel.
- Have an internal Channel panel that provides support and advice. This only applies to larger institutions.
- Create a Prevent action plan.
- Undertake risk assessments to see where students could be vulnerable and to assess institutional policies and physical elements.
- Have suitable pastoral care and support.
- Have protocols in place for sharing information about speakers with other institutions and partners.
- Exclude external speakers and guests who promote extremist views.
- Provide security staff with Prevent awareness training.
- Have clear policies on the usage of IT equipment which make explicit reference to the Prevent duty.
Schools and Childcare Providers
Schools and childcare providers need to:
- Complete a risk assessment.
- Know the risks affecting children in their area.
- Understand how to identify individuals at risk.
- Have an awareness of the increased risk of online radicalisation.
- Know when it’s appropriate to make a referral to Channel.
- Integrate Prevent duties into their safeguarding policies.
- Have taken Prevent awareness training.
- Make sure filters are on I.T. equipment to prevent young people and children from accessing extremist content.
- Have a clear strategy for promoting “British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs” in their work.
- Have a way of showing how they have been effective at teaching these values (this could be through lesson plans).
- Show evidence of the integration of British principles into teaching and care.
The Health Sector
If you work in the health sector, you need to check out Building Partnerships, Staying Safe for a breakdown of your duties and what you need to know.
Generally, if you work in health care, you need to know:
- Recognise those vulnerable to extremism;
- Find appropriate support; and,
- Make referrals to Channel if required.
If you work in or for a prison you need to:
- Perform a risk assessment on the reception and induction of offenders and ensure cell-sharing risks are assessed.
- Make sure offenders have regular contact with the prison chaplain and trained staff to help staff get a picture of each offender and their situation.
- Have an appropriate information sharing system in place.
- Determine whether intervention is required in the case of a conviction of terrorism or terrorism-related offences.
- Report identified concerns through an intelligence reporting system.
- Move vulnerable offenders away from negative influences, provide mentoring from chaplains or place them in religious classes.
- Use other intervention actions where necessary, such as a reduction in privileges, anti-bullying interventions, adjudication or segregation.
- Have all staff adequately trained in tailored Prevent awareness.
- Consider pre-release planning; think about what risks might exist outside of prison.
- Complete relevant pre-release processes with relevant agencies for offenders convicted of terrorism or terrorism-related offences.
- Where there is sufficient sentence time left, organise a formal multi-agency meeting to inform decisions after release.
- Organise a fast-time briefing with police and probation staff when there is not sufficient time left in a sentence. This should be led by prison counter-terrorism staff, and the National Probation Service counter-terrorism lead should be present to relay this information to personnel in partner agencies.
Those working in the National Probation Service need to provide a counter-terrorism lead at each regional level; they are expected to work with Community Rehabilitation Companies to share knowledge and act in a consultative role. Both types of probation service must:
- Work in partnership to share information and develop joint referrals and interventions.
- Have risk assessment and extremism screening provisions in place for vulnerable offenders.
- Work collaboratively with prisons and police to manage identified risks and work on tailored interventions.
- Have escalation processes in place for vulnerable offenders.
The police are expected to:
- Engage with local multi-agency groups who assess the risks of people being drawn into terrorism.
- Provide details of police counter-terrorism local profiles where relevant.
- Support multi-agency groups to implement and develop Prevent action plans.
- Where necessary, support local authority Prevent coordinators, regional, further and higher education coordinators, regional health Prevent leads, and regional prison and probation Prevent coordinators.
- Help other specified authorities to take effective and proportionate action.
- Have appropriate mechanisms in place for sharing information with relevant partner agencies.
- Coordinate and deliver the Channel programme.
- Accept and screen referrals to Channel.
- Carry out risk assessments before and after police counter-terrorism action, such as an arrest or a search to identify vulnerable people.
- Develop Prevent-related projects in the community.
- Offer guidance to businesses, communities or organisations who may inadvertently give money to organisations that endorse extremism or terrorism.
- Disrupt terrorist and/or extremist behaviour in the public or online where appropriate, including by use of public order powers.
Local authorities such as county councils and district councils and persons carrying out functions on behalf of local authorities are expected to:
- Coordinate Prevent activities in local multi-agency groups.
- Put monitoring processes in place to ensure Prevent is carried out effectively.
- Work in partnership and communicate effectively with local communities and community-based organisations.
- Assess risk using counter-terrorism local profiles and using advice from Prevent coordinators, universities, colleges, probation services, prisons, health and others who can help supply a knowledge of risks in the area.
- Incorporate Prevent duties into day-to-day policies and procedures.
- Develop a Prevent action plan where risks are present.
- Facilitate community-based projects and interventions that reduce the risk of people being drawn towards terrorism.
- Ensure front-line staff are trained in Prevent awareness with a good understanding of how to make referrals and who might be vulnerable.
- Ensure that Channel programmes are supported by all the appropriate organisations.
- Make sure that publicly-owned venues are not used as platforms for spreading extremist views or terrorist-related activities.
- Clarify that any organisations working with local authorities on Prevent are not engaged in extremist activities or possess extremist views.
- Write the principals of the Prevent duty into new contracts for the delivery of services where appropriate.
- County and district councils should agree on proportionate arrangements for risk assessments and Prevent action plans.
- Prevent Duty Quiz
- Prevent Strategy: Examining the Debate and Controversies
- Practical Tips for Managing Controversial Topics in the Classroom
- Fundamental British Values Lesson Plans for Teachers