How To Become A Childminder In Your Own Home

June 21, 2017
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Childminding is a rewarding career with plenty of perks. You can work from home, and you can meet a bunch of creative, funny children and their parents. You’ll be required to promote children’s learning, provide games, cook meals, aid personal development, and help children negotiate relationships. It is tough, and it is tiring – but it’s never boring.

Think you’re up for it? Here’s how to become a childminder in your own home.

Childminding Requirements

To be an Ofsted registered Childminder, there are a few things you need to get under your belt before you register. These include mandatory training, such as safeguarding, first aid, and food hygiene if you make or serve them food, as well as training that will help you to meet the requirements of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework. To learn more about food hygiene, have a read of our Essential Food Hygiene Tips for Childminders article, which discusses everything you need to know.

You’ll also need to have a clear DBS check for yourself and everyone aged 16 and older in your household. Once you’ve got these things sorted, you can begin to register through Ofsted.

Here’s a checklist of the essential requirements for childminding:

  • DBS checks.
  • Childproofing.
  • Safeguarding training.
  • Paediatric first aid training.
  • Other mandatory safety requirements, such as fire safety.
  • Health Declaration Booklet.
  • Registration with an agency or register.
  • Appropriate insurance cover, including Public Liability Insurance.
  • Equipment.
  • Introductory EYFS training.

Young child playing with early years toys

It isn’t just the essentials that you’ll need though. You should think about how to make your childminding business stand out from the rest. What can you offer to parents? Perhaps you could specialise in care for children with dyslexia and could advertise and make provisions for special attention to literacy skills and organisation. That could be a real unique selling point for your business.

You’ll also need soft skills, like patience and assertiveness as well as a series of techniques to help you promote positive behaviour (an essential part of the EYFS) in young people.

How Long Does It Take To Become A Registered Childminder?

It can take up to 12 weeks to fully register as a childminder; you will also have to be inspected by Ofsted following your application to register. With that said, the time it takes to become a registered childminder is ultimately varied. The time variation is due to factors like getting your paediatric first aid certificate, receiving your DBS forms back, and sorting out your health declaration form. All of these can vary depending on a number of factors which are often outside of your control.

Start-Up Costs

It isn’t only the registration costs to consider; there are further costs associated with equipment and training. This list covers the essentials to help you budget for your childcare business. Keep in mind that Ofsted may recommend further actions which could cost more.

Registration Costs

The registration fees depend on the register that you join. Childminding agencies fix their own costs. The Early Years Register has a £35 fee. The Ofsted Childcare Register has a £103 fee.

GP Fee

A GP completes your Health Declaration Booklet to confirm you have no health issues that could affect your ability to care for children. GP fees vary widely (roughly £50-150) and are set by each practice.

DBS Check

You will need to pay for a DBS check for each person over 16 who lives or works in your home. A DBS check costs roughly £52 per person. You can find out more information on how to obtain a DBS form and what the process involves here.

Mandatory Training

Before you can apply to Ofsted, you must complete adequate paediatric first aid training, which allows childminders the opportunity to practice practical techniques. Paediatric First Aid courses vary in price, but can be easily searched for online. High Speed Training offer a Paediatric First Aid course that costs £25 + VAT, which can add supplementary, refresher knowledge following completion of face to face training (which is legally required).

You must also complete introductory training to meet the requirements of the Early Years Foundation Stage framework. If you hold a current early years qualification, you don’t need this training, but it can be beneficial.

To meet the EYFS criteria you may need to complete training like Preventing Radicalisation, Safer Recruitment, Food Hygiene, Promoting Positive Behaviour, Safeguarding Children, and Fire Safety. Depending on your circumstances, you may want to include courses like Autism Awareness and Internet Safety training.

High Speed Training offer a wide range of safeguarding courses to meet your training requirements.

Completing a paediatric first aid course


You will need Public Liability insurance as soon as you register. This will cost anywhere between £25 and £100.. You’ll also need car and home insurance. There may be premiums as some companies charge more for business use or contents cover.

Equipment and Repairs

You may need equipment, like child car seats, smoke alarms, and a decent first aid kit. You’ll also need to complete a risk assessment to figure out what in your house and garden needs child-proofing.

Childcare Business Grants

Childminders in England who worked in a domestic premises used to be able to apply for a childcare business grant, but the Department for Education ended the Childcare Business Grant Scheme officially in 2018. However, they have retained the higher level of award for childminders who care for children with SEN/SEND and for new Childminder Agencies (CMAs). This is due to close to new applicants from 31st March 2019.

They have also introduced two new tiers of general awards:

  • A universal award of £300 for new childminders in England.
  • A locality supplement of £200 to the universal award. New childminders in certain local authorities, including those with low numbers of childminders, are eligible to this supplement.

Domestic childcare arts and crafts

You can find out more about the current scheme on the Childcare Business Grants website. They have advised potential applicants not to delay new applications, as they can accept applications until midnight on the 31st March 2019, but they will close the scheme earlier if the current available funds are distributed before then.

Inspections and Checks

When you first register to be a childminder, Ofsted will conduct an inspection. They are checking to make sure you meet the requirements for safety and learning developments. They’ll also want to check your identity, your DBS certificate and will want to know if you meet the safeguarding requirements.

If you provide care in a domestic setting, Ofsted will ask the home occupier for permission to carry out the inspection. Before the inspection, you’ll need to inform the parents of the children that you care for that an Ofsted inspection is taking place. Towards the end of the inspection, the inspector will provide you with feedback and tell you how you can improve.

During Your Inspection

When an Ofsted officer arrives, they will:

  • Watch the children at play.
  • Talk to you and the children.
  • Observe how you and the children interact.
  • Check the children’s levels of understanding and if they take part in learning.
  • Discuss the children’s knowledge, skills, and abilities with you.
  • Observe your care routines and how you support the children’s personal development.
  • Assess how well you know the EYFS requirements.

After Your Inspection

Once you have had an inspection, you’ll receive a grade. Your grade is accompanied by a report that will tell you how to do better, what you did well, and if anything can improve.

Your grade will be one of the following:

  • 1 – Outstanding.
  • 2 – Good.
  • 3 – Requires improvement.
  • 4 – Inadequate.

You are required to provide parents with a copy of the report after the inspection. If you are asked for a copy of the report by anyone else, such as a parent who would like you to mind their children, you must comply with this request. Ofsted will also publish your report online within 10 working days of you being sent the report.

Child crawling between Moroccan poufs

How Many Children Can I Look After?

Registered childminders can only care for a certain number of children at one time. When you are considering how many children is a suitable number to care for, you should consider the following:

  • How long you are providing care.
  • The number that your furniture, indoor space, and equipment is suitable for.
  • How you plan to deliver the learning and development requirements of the EYFS to the children that you care for.
  • How you plan to organise your day so that all children get enough time and attention from you.
  • If you have assessed and mitigated risks in relation to taking on additional children.


In England, registered childminders can care for 6 children up to the age of 8. Only 3 of these 6 children can be under 5, and if you work alone, only 1 child out of the 8 can be under 1. If you have children under 8, this ratio includes your children. You may care for children older than 8 at the same time, but not if this will have an adverse effect on the care of those needing EYFS provisions. However, there are exceptions to these rules.

If you have an assistant or you work with another childminder, you need to check the rules for rations in section 3.43 in the EYFS Statutory Framework. These are subject to Ofsted’s restrictions. It’s also worth noting that you can only leave children with an assistant for two hours in a single day, and you need parental permission to do so.

If you can establish that you are meeting the needs of the children in your care, you may be allowed further exceptions.


In Wales, childminders may care for no more than 10 children under the age of 12. Of those 10 children:

  • No more than 6 may be under the age of 8.
  • There may be no more than 3 children under the age of 5.
  • Normally, there may be no more than 2 children under the age of 18 months. However, exceptions may be made for siblings.

The Welsh ratio includes the childminder’s children too.

how to become a childminder in your own home

As long as you fulfil the necessary legal requirements to run a childminding business, there’s nothing stopping you from running it in your own home. You’ll be able to provide a safe, fulfilling environment for children to learn and play in.

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